Psyc 1101

Module 2

Chapter 7



This is an example of the assignment you will be creating.

Note: You may not use the ‘light bulb’ as your invention for this assignment.

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There once was a man sitting alone in the dark, and it was very gloomy. He wished that he had more light, then he had an idea! He took that idea and created the light bulb. Now he has a lot of light and his life is no longer dark and dreary. He now can enjoy his home. He can read books whenever he wants because there is enough light. He's not lonely anymore at night!


Name: John Doe
PSYC 1101

Reflecting on this assignment, there are four steps of problem solving:

  1. Find and frame the problem.
  2. Develop Good Problem Solving Strategies.
  3. Evaluate Solutions.
  4. Rethink and Redefine Problems and Solutions Over Time.

Using problem solving creatively requires this four-step approach. Those who are gifted in problem solving are few and far between. When one thinks of problem solvers, they are typically people who have been inventers and have learned to solve problems through trial and error. They have learned the skills but may not be able to identify the skills explicitly, but instead are able to use the skills innately.

Developing problem solving strategies is probably the best way to be successful as a problem solver. The understanding of subgoaling, algorithms, and heuristics will go a long way to increase problem-solving skills. Being able to evaluate a problem and break it down into smaller, more manageable parts will lend itself to reaching a satisfactory solution.

An algorithm will guarantee a solution to a problem. But one may ask whether this is the only solution. Are there other available solutions that could be considered? Heuristics (think of Gibbs on NCIS) is the shortcut that you use. The gut feeling that leads you to a quick answer, but is it always correct?

After we have found solutions we must evaluate them to come up with an effective solution. This can be determined in a number of ways.

Finally, as in any good research, we must revisit the problem periodically to assure that the solution is correct and no better ways have surfaced to address the problem more successfully.